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Endorsements of the LOS Convention

Stakeholder Endorsements of US Accession

to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea

and the 1994 Agreement on Implementation

Endorsements categorized as follows:

Obama Administration
Bush Administration
Current Military Service Chiefs and Legal Advisers(10)
Former Secretaries of State (8)
Other Former Cabinet and Sub-Cabinet Officers (13)
Former UN Representatives and Ambassadors (5)
Former National Security Advisors (4)
Former EPA Administrators (4)
Former Senators (8)
State and City Officials (15)
Business and Industry (20)
Oceans and Environmental Organizations (21)
Academia (22)
Joint Ocean Commissions Initiative (3)
Research and Science Organizations (7)
International Affairs (4)
Legal and Professional Societies and Organizations (6)
Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (7)
Chiefs of Naval Operations (11)
Commandants of the US Coast Guard (5)
Additional Retired Navy and Coast Guard (12)
Legal Advisers of the Department of State (10)
Church Support (4)
Other (30)
(Endorsements as contained in letters, commentary articles, letters to the editor and testimony)

Current and Former Obama Administration

Barack Obama
President of the United States

Joseph Biden
Vice-President of the United States

John Kerry
Secretary of State

Hillary Clinton
(former) Secretary of State

Chuck Hagel
Secretary of Defense

Leon Panetta
(former) Secretary of Defense

Tom Nides
(former) Deputy Secretary of State

Ashton Carter
Deputy Secretary of Defense

Nancy Sutley
Chair, Council for Environmental Quality

Harold Koh
(former) Legal Adviser, Department of State

Robert Hormats
(former) Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment

Jane Lubchenco
(former) Under Secretary of Commerce &
Administrator of NOAA

Ray Mabus
Secretary of the Navy

Robert O. Work
(former) Under Secretary of the Navy

George W. Bush Administration

George W. Bush
President of the United States

Stephen Hadley,
National Security Advisor

James L. Connaughton
Chairman, Council on Environmental Quality

Condoleezza Rice
Secretary of State

Robert Gates
Secretary of Defense

Carlos Gutierrez
Secretary of Commerce

Dirk Kempthorne
Secretary of the Interior

Michael Chertoff
Secretary of Homeland Security

Richard Armitage
Deputy Secretary of State

John Negroponte
Deputy Secretary of State

Gordon England
Deputy Secretary of Defense

Donald C. Winter
Secretary of the Navy

VAdm. Conrad Lautenbacher, USN (ret.)
Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere & Administrator of NOAA

John Bellinger
Legal Adviser, Dept. of State

Joseph A. Benkert
Assistant Secretary
Global Security Affairs
Department of Defense

Current and Former Military Service Chiefs, Combatant Commanders, and Legal Advisors

Adm. Mike Mullen
Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff 2007-2011; Chief of Naval Operations 2005-2007

Adm. Gary Roughead
Chief of Naval Operations

Gen. James T. Conway
Commandant of the Marine Corps

Gen. George W. Casey
Chief of Staff of the Army

Gen. T. Michael Moseley
Chief of Staff of the Air Force

Adm. Robert Papp
Commandant of the US Coast Guard

VAdm. James W. Houck (Ret)
Judge Advocate General

Adm. Robert Willard (Ret)
Commander, Pacific Command 2009-2012

Adm. Patrick Walsh (Ret)
Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet 2009-2012

Former Secretaries of State

Condoleezza Rice
former Secretary of State

Colin Powell
former Secretary of State
former Chairman, JCS

Madeline Albright
former Secretary of State
former US Representative to the United Nations
Chairman, Board of Directors
The Democratic Institute for International Affairs

Warren Christopher
former Secretary of State

Larry Eagleberger
former Secretary of State

James A. Baker, III
former Secretary of State
Senior Partner, Baker Botts, LLP

George P. Shultz
former Secretary of State

Alexander M. Haig, Jr. (deceased, 2010)
former Secretary of State
Chairman, Worldwide Associates, Inc.

Other Former Cabinet and Sub-Cabinet Officers

Melvin R. Laird
former Secretary of Defense

Robert Gates
former Secretary of Defense

Norman Mineta
former Secretary of Commerce

Michael Kantor
former Secretary of Commerce

Donald L. Evans
former Secretary of Commerce

Carla A. Hills
former U.S. Trade Representative
Chairman and CEO, Hills & Company

Richard Armitage
former Deputy Secretary of State

William Taft, IV
former Deputy Secretary of Defense
former Legal Adviser, Dept. of State

Strobe Talbott
President, Brookings Institution
former Deputy Secretary of State

James Steinberg
former Deputy Secretary of State

John C. Whitehead
former Deputy Secretary of State
former Chairman, Goldman Sachs

Sean O'Keefe
Former Secretary of the Navy
former Chancellor, Louisiana State University

Antonia Chayes
Former Under Secretary of the Air Force
Visiting Professor of International Politics & Law
Tufts University

VADM Conrad Lautenbacher, USN (Ret)
former Under Secretary of Commerce for Ocean Affairs and Administrator, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

D. James Baker
former Under Secretary of Commerce for Ocean Affairs and Administrator, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Director, Global Carbon Measurement Program
The William J. Clinton Foundation

John Knauss
former Under Secretary of Commerce for Ocean Affairs and Administrator, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

John V. Byrne
former Administrator, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Former Ambassadors and UN Representatives

Amb. Kenneth Adelman
Director, US Arms Control Agency

John C. Danforth
former Senator
former US Representative to the United Nations
Bryan Cave LLP

Amb. Thomas Graham, Jr.
former General Counsel,
Arms Control and DIsarmament Agency and
former Special Representative of the President of the United States for Arms Control, Non-Proliferation, and Disarmament,

Thomas R. Pickering
Former Under Secretary for Political Affairs
former US Representative to the United Nations
U.S. Department of State
Vice Chairman, Hills & Company

see also: Madeline Albright, former Secretary of State and US Representative. to the UN

National Security Advisors

Gen. James Jones, USMC (ret)
National Security Advisor to Prsident Barack Obama

Stephen Hadley
National Security Advisor to President George W. Bush

Robert C. McFarlane
National Security Advisor
to President Ronald Reagan

Colin Powell
National Security Advisor
to President George H.W. Bush

see also, Condoleezza Rice (2001-2004)

Former EPA Administrators

William D. Ruckelshaus
Strategic Director
Madrona Venture Group

William K. Reilly
Former EPA Administrator
Chairman Emeritus, World Wildlife Fund

Russell E. Train
Chairman Emeritus
World Wildlife Fund

Christine Todd Whitman
Whitman Strategy Group

Former Senators

Senator John B. Breaux (D-LA)
Senior Counsel
Patton Boggs LLP

Senator Chuck Hagel (R-NE)

Ernest Hollings (D-SC)

Senator George J. Mitchell
Chairman, DLA Piper

Senator Sam Nunn (D-GA)

Senator John Warner (R-VA)

Senator Tim Wirth
President UN Foundation

see also, Senator John Danforth (R-MO), former US Representative to the UN

State and City Officials

Governor Sean Parnell
State of Alaska

Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger
State of California

Governor Ruth Ann Minner
State of Delaware

Governor Linda Lingle
State of Hawaii

Governor John Baldacci
State of Maine

Governor Ted Kulongoski
State of Oregon

Governor Donald Carcieri
State of Rhode Island

Governor Christine Gregoire
State of Washington

Governor Felix Camacho
Territory of Guam

Sarah Palin
former Governor, State of Alaska

Tony Knowles
Former Governor of Alaska

George E. Pataki
former Governor, New York

Mike Hayden
Secretary
Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks

Joseph P. Riley, Jr.
Mayor of Charleston

Lillian C. Borrone
Former Assistant Executive Director
Port Authority of New York and New Jersey

Business and Industry

Clarence P. Cazalot, Jr.
President and CEO
Marathon Oil Corporation

Red Cavaney
President and CEO
American Petroleum Institute

John Connelly
President
National Fisheries Institute

Joseph J. Cox
President and CEO
Chamber of Shipping of America

Thomas Dammrich
President
National Marine Manufacturers Association

Lawrence R. Dickerson
President and CEO
Diamond Offshore Drilling, Inc.

Thomas Fry
President
National Ocean Industries Association

James C. Greenwood
President and CEO
Biotechnology Industry Organization

General Jim Jones
President and CEO
Institute for 21st Century Energy
US Chamber of Commerce
former Supreme Allied Commander Europe

R. Bruce Josten
Executive Vice President, Government Affairs
Chamber of Commerce
of the United States of America

Paul L. Kelly
Kelly Energy Consultants

Christopher L. Koch
President and CEO
World Shipping Council

Daniel F. McNease
Chairman & CEO
Rowan Companies, Inc.

James J. Mulva
Chairman and CEO
ConocoPhillips

Mike Nussman
President and CEO
American Sportfishing Association

Brian T. Petty
Senior Vice President
International Association of Drilling Contractors

Peter J. Robertson
Vice Chairman of the Board
Chevron Corporation

Barry Russell
President
Independent Petroleum Association of America

Richard Schwartz
Chairman and Founder
Boat Owners Association of the United States

Deborah C. Trefts
President and Managing Member
Aquatic Stewards Consulting Group, LLC

Oceans and Environmental Organizations

John Adams
Co-Founder
Natural Resources Defense Council

Bruce Babbitt
Former Secretary of the Interior
Chairman, Board of Directors,World Wildlife Fund

Ted A. Beattie
President and CEO
John G. Shedd Aquarium

Frances Beinecke
President
Natural Resources Defense Council

John F. Calvelli
Senior Vice President for Public Affairs
Wilderness Conservation Society

Sarah Chassis
Natural Resources Defense Council

Phil Clapp
President
National Environmental Trust

Eileen Claussen
President and Chair of the Board
Pew Center on Global Climate Change

John Englander
CEO
International Seakeepers Society

Patricia Forkan
President
Humane Society International

Scott A. Hajost
Executive Director
IUCN-US

Robert Irvin
Senior Vice President for Conservation Programs
Defenders of Wildlife

Daniel B. McGraw, Jr.
President
Center for International Environmental Law

Steven J. McCormick
President and CEO
The Nature Conservancy

Elliot Norse
President
Marine Conservation Biology Institute

Julie Packard
Executive Director
Monterey Bay Aquarium

Pietro Parravano
President
Institute for Fisheries Resources

Jimmie Powell
Director of Government Relations
The Nature Conservancy

Joshua S. Reichert
Managing Director, Pew Environmental Group
The Pew Charitable Trusts

Carter S. Roberts
President and CEO
World Wildlife Fund

Andrew Sharpless
CEO
Oceana

Vikki N. Spruill
President and CEO
Ocean Conservancy

Academia

Craig Allen
School of Law
University of Washington

Anthony Clark Arend
Professor of Government and Foreign Service
Director, Institute for International Law & Politics
Georgetown University

Robert D. Ballard
Professor, Graduate School of Oceanography
University of Rhode Island

Betsy Baker
Visiting Associate Professor
Vermont Law School

Martin Belsky
Dean, School of Law
University of Akron
former Assistant Administrator for Policy,
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

David D. Caron
Co-Director, Law of the Sea Institute
University of California, Berkley

James M. Coleman
Boyd Professor, Coastal Studies Institute
Louisiana State University

Barry Hart Dubner
Professor, Dwayne O. Andreas School of Law
Barry University

Tony Haymet
Director
Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Marc J. Hershman
Professor, School of Marine Affairs
University of Washington

Kristen Juras
University of Montana School of Law
Missoula, MT

Charles Kennel
Founding Director, Environment and Sustainability
Initiative, Scripps Institution of Oceanography

James R. Luyten
Acting President and Director
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Larry A. Mayer
Professor and Director
Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping/NOAA-UNH Joint Hydrographic Center
University of New Hampshire

Edward Miles
School of Marine Affairs
University of Washington

Frank E. Muller-Karger
Dean, School for Marine Science and Technology
University of Massachusetts Dartmouth

John Norton Moore
Director, Center for Oceans Law and Policy
University of Virginia School of Law

Dennis W. Nixon
Professor of Marine Affairs and
Associate Dean for Academic Affairs
University of Rhode Island

Myron Nordquist
Associate Director
Center for Oceans Law and Policy
University of Virginia
former Acting General Counsel,
Department of the Air Force

John Noyes
California Western School of Law
San Diego, California

Professor Bernard Oxman
School of Law
University of Miami

Andrew A. Rosenberg
Professor, Department of Natural Resources and Institute for the Study of Earth, Ocean, and Space
University of New Hampshire

Harry N. Scheiber
Co-Director, Law of the Sea Institute
University of California, Berkley

Joint Ocean Commissions Initiative

James D. Watkins
Admiral, U.S. Navy (Retired)
Chairman, U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy
Co-Chair, Joint Ocean Commission Initiative

The Honorable Leon E. Panetta
Chair, Pew Oceans Commission
Co-Chair, Joint Ocean Commission Initiative

Ann D'Amato
Commissioner
U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy

Research and Science Organizations

Robert R. Furgason
Director
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies

Jack N. Gerard
President and CEO
American Chemistry Council

Donald Kennedy
Editor in Chief, Science Magazine, American
Association for the Advancement of Science

P. Patrick Leahy
Executive Director
American Geological Institute

Paul A. Sandifer
Senior Scientist, National Ocean Service
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

A.F. Spilhaus, Jr.
Executive Director
American Geophysical Union

Richard D. West
Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy (Retired)
President, Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education

International Affairs

Charles J. Brown
President and CEO
Citizens for Global Solutions

Lee Hamilton
President and Director
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

John Temple Swing
President Emeritus
Foreign Policy Association

Timothy E. Wirth
former Senator
President
United Nations Foundation and Better World Fund

Legal and Professional Societies and Organizations

Caitlyn Antrim
Executive Director
Rule of Law Committee for the Oceans

Lizabeth L. Burrell
President
Maritime Law Association

William H. Neukom
President
American Bar Association

Bettina B. Plevan
President
Association of the Bar of New York City

BGen. James Swanson
Legal Counsel
Military Officers Association of America

Margaret Tomlinson
Law of the Sea Committee
American Bar Association

Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Admiral Mike Mullen, US Navy

General Peter Pace, USMC

General Richard Myers, USAF

General Henry H. Shelton, USAF

General Colin Powell, US Army

Admiral William Crowe, US Navy

Chiefs of Naval Operations

Admiral Gary Roughead (current)

Admiral Mike Mullen (now Chairman, JCS)

Admiral Vern Clark

Admiral Jay Johnson

Admiral Frank Kelso

Admiral C. A. H. Trost

Admiral James D. Watkins

Admiral T. B. Hayward

Admiral J. L. Holloway

Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt

Admiral Thomas E. Moorer

Current and Former Commandants of the US Coast Guard

Admiral Robert Papp, USCG

Admiral Thad Allen, USCG (Ret)

Admiral Thomas Collins, USCG (Ret.)

Admiral James M. Loy, USCG (Ret.)

Admiral Robert E. Kramek, USCG (Ret.)

Admiral Paul Yost, USCG (Ret.)

Former Legal Advisers of the Department of State

John Bellinger (2005-2009)

William H. Taft IV (2001-2005)

David R. Andrews (1997-2000)

Conrad K. Harper (1993-1996)

Edwin D. Williamson (1990-1993)

Abraham D. Sofar (1985-1990)

Davis R, Robinson (1981-1985)

Roberts B. Owen (1979-1981)

Herbert L, Hansell (1977-1979)

Michael J. Matheson, acting Legal Advisor on multiple occasions

Church Support

United Methodist Church

American Baptist Church

Friends Committee for National Legislation

Unitarian Universalists

Additional Retired Navy and Coast Guard

Admiral Joseph W. Prueher
former CINCPAC and US Ambassador to China
U.S. Navy (Retired)

General Victor Renuart (USAF)
former Commander, Northern Command

Vice Admiral James Doyle
U.S. Navy (Retired)

RAdm William L. Schachte, Jr.
U.S. Navy, JAGC (Retired)

RAdm James McPherson
U.S. Navy, JAGC (Retired)

RAdm William O. Miller
US Navy JAGC (Retired)

RAdm James Lohr
U.S. Navy, JAGC (Retired)

RAdm Horace Robertson
US Navy, JAGC (Retired)

Vice Admiral Roger T. Rufe, Jr.
U.S. Coast Guard (Retired)

Rear Admiral John W. Lockwood
U.S. Coast Guard (Retired)

Vice Admiral Paul G. Gaffney II
U.S. Navy (Retired)

RAdm Rick Schiff
US Navy, JAGC (Retired)

Captain George Galdorisi, USN (Retired)

Other

David M. Abshire
President
Center for the Study of the Presidency

Richard Blaustein
Attorney
Washington, DC

Samuel A. Bleicher
Principal, The Strategic Path LLC
former Deputy General Counsel, NOAA

Joan Bondareff
Blank Rome, LLC
Washington, DC

Scott Borgerson
Fellow
Council on Foreign Relations

William Brewer
former General Counsel
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Clifton Curtis
Director, The Varda Group
Washington, D.C. 

Edward Dangler, Esq.,
Proctor in Admiralty
Lincoln Law School
San Jose, CA

Sylvia Earle
President, Deep Search International
Chairman, Deep ocean Exploration
National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence

Benjamin H. Friedman
Research Fellow
Cato Institute

Eldon Greenberg
partner, Garvey Schubert Barer
former General Counsel, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Rev,Theodore Hesburgh
former President
Notre Dame University

Montserrat Gorina-Ysern
Founder and Director
Healthy Children-Healthy Oceans Foundation
formerly law lecturer/adjunct law professor at Australia-US universities

Carlotta Leon Guerrero
Executive Director
Ayuda Foundation

Lee A. Kimball
former Executive Director
Council on Ocean Law

Thomas R. Kitsos
former Executive Director
U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy

Jeffrey Laurenti
New York, NY

Terry L. Leitzell
former Assistant Administrator for Fisheries
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Sheila M. McNeill
Past President
Navy League of the United States

Robert McManus
former General Counsel
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Shelia M. McNeill
former President
Navy League of the United States

John T. Oliver
Adjunct Professor
Georgetown Law School

David Rockefeller, Jr.
New York, NY

Lisle Rose
Historian

Paul Saffo
Technology Forecaster

Wesley S. Scholz
Washington, DC

Scott Truver
Executive Advisor
National Security Programs
Gryphon Technologies LC

Mary Turnipseed
Graduate Student in Ecology
Duke University
Nicholas School of the Environment
Durham, N.C. 

James ’Bud’ Walsh
former Deputy Administrator
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Mary Beth West
former Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and Fisheries

Patten D. White
CEO, Maine Lobstermen’s Association

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